How to Choose Your Fabric

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How to Choose a Woven Fabric

Different types of fabric have different characteristics – some are thick, some are fine, some are coarse, some have a visible texture. Here are our suggestions on how to choose a fabric which is suitable for your need.


First, choose one of the following types of fibers used in the production of the yarn woven into cloth.

Cotton Cotton is a natural material which is most popular in textile manufacturing because of its soft and natural feel. Cotton is also strong and durable, breathable and easy to wash and maintain.

Linen is a textile made from fiber of flax plants. Its unique attributes include having a smooth feel, and better drape than cotton. Linen is more durable than cotton but wrinkles more easily. Linen is also has higher price than cotton due to its more complicated production process.

Silk is a natural fiber which has very high price. Silk has special characteristics of having inimitable greatest luster with smooth and soft feel. Silk is also comfortable to wear but cannot tolerate heavy washing and ironing.

Synthetic fibers, such as polyester and nylon, are fibers derived from petroleum. They are strong and durable; yet some types of synthetic fibers are very soft to the touch. Synthetic fibers are also easy to clean and hard to wrinkle. However, they are not as comfortable to wear as cloth made from natural fibers, not breathable, highly flammable and will melt when ironed at high temperatures.


After choosing the fiber type, you should consider the weight of the fabric, which refers to the fabric mass per unit area. Two most common types of units of measurement are grams per square meter and ounces per square yard. We provide on our Products Page the data about fabric weight in both units of measurement to give you a rough idea on how much general textile products weigh. The table below shows these comparisons.

Shirt 4.4 ounces/square yard or about 147 grams/square meter

Pants 7.0 ounces/square yard or about 237 grams/square meter

Denim pants (jeans) 11 ounces/square yard or about 373 grams/square meter

Canvas cloth for sneakers, bags 13 ounces/square yard or about 440 grams/square meter


Lastly, consider the type of fabric weave or pattern for manufacturing a fabric. The pattern arises from the way in which the warp threads are interlaced over-and-under the weft threads. Different patterns create different textures, including:

plain weave

Plain 1/1 is a weave in which each warp thread passes alternately under and over each weft thread Fabric with plain weave are normally: Poplin: a strong fabric in plain weave with fine ribbing

twill pattern

Twill: a weave which produces parallel diagonal lines or ribs

satin pattern

Satin is a 4/1 weave, which creates smooth and lustrous surface

canvas pattern

Canvas: is a thick and heavy plain-weave fabric with a crossed appearance

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